Project „Routes of Disappearance. Jewish and Roma Memory of Transnistria”|
In March 2010 in Ukraine and Moldova began research project „Routes of
Disappearance. Jewish and Roma Memory of Transnistria” with the aim to
highlight tensions between mass forced relocations of the population at WW
II and their influence on geographical, political space. Project deals as
well with situation of Jewish and Roma survivors in post-war societies.
Transnistria was an artificial region created in 1941 by Romanian government
in ally with Nazi Germany on the territory between the Dniester River and
Southern Bug River, limited in the South by the Black Sea. Transnistria was
used by Romanian dictator Antonescu as a place for concentration and mass
extermination of the Jews and Roma from territories of contemporary Ukraine,
Republic of Moldova and Romania. During occupation period thousands Jewish
and Roma people from Bukovina and Northern Bessarabia were deported on the
territory of Transnistria, thereafter almost of all from them were killed.
This project is devoted to the people memory about those tragically times.
For a long time Transnistria is not on the world maps. Many people who were
survived and who remembered Holocaust are dead now. But there are many
people who stay alive after deportation and Holocaust, who knows important
information, and who ready to tell anything about murder Roma and Jewish
people in Transnistria.
Meaning of Transnistria became more complex in political and ideological
sense. Is it more a trace Romanian occupation or place of mass extermination
of „Ukrainian” Jews and Roma? It needs to be stressed that Jews and Roma
that were killed in Transnistria territory often are named as „Romanians or
Ukrainians that were killed by Nazis”. This transformations of victims
identity that often hides ethical and cultural differences can be
interpreted as a sigh of their ambiguity in post-war propaganda as well
attempt to restore them to national discourse.
The main aim of the project is to create comparative perspective of Jewish
and Roma remembrance about resettlement to Transnistria. To analyze
influence of deportation experience on contemporary individually and
collective identity of this communities. The project deals with the memory
of relocations to Transnistria and influence of post-war propaganda direct
to this part of USSR and modern Ukraine.
Project „Routes of Disappearance. Jewish and Roma Memory of Transnistria”
will based on Jewish and Roma narratives from Northern Bukovina and
Bessarabia. The main method is „Oral history”. The international project
team will take interviews with survivors about their experience of
relocation to Transnistria as well their current attitude to this space.
In October 2010 in Kiev will take place exhibition contains witnesses’
testimonies, photographic documentation places of deportation and detailed
analysis propaganda representations. Complementary to the exhibition will be
prepared brochure comprises archival materials. Except it, all materials
will be available on special websites about collective memory, Jewish and
Roma history, human rights protection.
The team is international command and consists of 4 persons from Ukraine and
Jozef Markiewicz (Warsaw, Poland) - a graduate of the Institute of
Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Warsaw; has been
studied Ukrainian philology at University of Warsaw and National Taras
Shevchenko University of Kyiv. A student of the postgraduate studies
„Totalitarism-Nazism-Holocaust” at the International Centre for Education
about Auschwitz and Pedagogical University of Krakow. Participant of
international fellowships and conferences in Poland, Ukraine, Moldavia,
Germany. Field of research work: cultural anthropology, migration processes,
Anna Abakunova (Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine) - PhD candidate at
Dnipropetrovsk National Oles Gonchar University, World History Department; a
graduate of the Dnipropetrovsk National University; a specialty is „History”
and „Practical Psychology”. Participant of international scientific
conferences, fellowships and seminars in Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Israel,
France, the Netherlands, Germany. Field of research work: comparison of 20th
century’s genocides in historical and psychological perspectives,
interethnic relations, historiography of Holocaust, rescue attempts during
Zemfira Kondur (Kiev, Ukraine) – lifelong human rights advocate and
Roma activist. Vice- president of the „Chiricli” International Roma Women’s
Fund. In years 1999-2001 coordinator on Roma issues in Ukraine, Moldova,
Latvia, Lithuania, Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation Program. Participant
of international conferences, seminaries and projects in Ukraine, Moldova,
Romania, Hungary, Belgium, Swiss. Field of research and work: history of
Roma people, the rights of Roma, gender studies.
Georgii Abakunov (Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine) – a student of Historical
Faculty, World History Department at Dnipropetrovsk National Oles Gonchar
University. Participant of international scientific seminars and schools in
Ukraine and Russia. Field of research work: Inter-ethnic relations in WW II,
history of ethnic minorities in Ukraine (Jews, Roma, Polish, German).
The project is implemented within the program „Paths of Remembrance”;
edition of Geschichtwerkstatt Europa realizated by Institute for Applied
History with cooperation of European University Viadrina with financial
support of foundation „Remembrance, Responsibility, Future”.
Detailed information about methodology, realization and results of the
project are published on page: